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Talamanca, Deseoso el Rey nuestro Señor, 1796.

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€1.700,00 EUR
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€1.700,00 EUR

Tariffs for trade between New Spain and Cuba, the Caribbean, Peru, and Colombia; this copy issued in Chihuahua

Miguel de la Grúa Talamanca, Marquess of Branciforte (1755-1812); Pedro de Nava (ca. 1730-1802).

Deseoso el Rey nuestro Señor (que Dios guarde) de proporcionar á sus Vasallos todas las ventajas posibles […].

Mexico City, [no name], August 31, 1796; issued Chihuahua, October 10, 1796.

1 sheet ([1] p.). 43x 30 cm. With a woodcut initial, signed in ink on recto in Chihuagua, October 10, 1796 by Pedro de Nava and by a local representative. Certificates of proclamation and an endorsement on the verso.

Trade broadside ordering the reduction in tariffs between New Spain (= Mexico, Texas, California, Louisiana, and more) and Cuba, the Caribbean, Peru, and Colombia. In this year, Spain was in a brief moment of peace with France. Revolutionary France and Bourbon Spain signed the Treaty of San Ildefonso in 1796 as part of their shared opposition to Britain. The Second Treaty of San Ildefonso was signed on 19 August 1796. Based on the terms of the agreement, France and Spain would become allies and combine their forces against the Kingdom of Great Britain. This broadside is dated August 31, 1796, so right after the peace treaty was signed. This is a very rare copy, and in an excellent state of preservation.

It is signed in ink by the General Commander of the Provincias Internas Pedro de Nava (ca. 1730-1802). The Provincias Internas consisted of the north-western part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, an immense area including current Baja- and North-American California, Texas, Arizona, Louisiana, and more. The capital was Chihuahua City, where this document was signed on October 10, 1796. Pedro de Nava was appointed the successor of Juan de Ugalde in March 1790. He was dispatched from Spain and arrived in New Spain on August 3. In the fall of 1790 Nava was dispatched to the north of New Spain by Viceroy Conde de Revilla Gigedo II. His initial efforts as commandant general focused on the difficult task of achieving peaceful relations with Indians, especially the Lipan Apaches, Comanches, and Choctaws. In September 1792, the Provincias Internas were to be separated from the Viceroyalty of New Spain and made a unified administrative entity under the command of Pedro de Nava. He was elevated to the rank of field marshal in 1794. He served as commander in chief of the unified Interior Provinces for ten years (1793–1802).

Condition: folds, otherwise in excellent condition.

Reference: not in Palau; Sabin; Medina.

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